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ongoing_projects [2009/09/30 14:51]
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ongoing_projects [2009/10/15 09:15]
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-====== ​Ongoing ​Projects using the European Pollen Database for research ​====== +====== Projects using EPD ======
-{{sisyphus.gif ​ }}+
  
-FIREMAN - Fire management to maintain biodiversity and mitigate economic loss\\  +** On this page: Ongoing projects that are using pollen records stored ​in the EPD **
-DYNAMITE - DYNAmic Models ​in Terrestrial Ecosystems and Landscapes\\  +
-MADCAP - Mapping and Data Accuracy Group\\  +
-REVEALS - Reconstructions of Holocene land-cover in NW Europe and W Europe N of the Alps\\ ​+
  
 ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________
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 Fire is a natural disturbance agency of many forest and grassland ecosystems that contributes to species dynamics and diversity, physical structure and ecosystem function. Many European heathland systems owe their origin and maintenance to burning, and fire is a key disturbance agency in both Mediterranean and boreal biomes that impacts the biodiversity of ecosystems, species and genetic structure. Fire-ecosystem relationships are altered by changing climate and earlier European fire regimes are now heavily modified by human activities to generate both biological and socioeconomic problems. Intense or inappropriate fire can wreak enormous damage and following recent extreme fire years in parts of Europe, there is an urgent need for a co-ordinated European policy on fire management. The main aim of FIREMAN is to generate policy guidance and management tools for the appropriate use of fire to foster biodiversity in three major European ecosystems. The project will use European pollen data to compare and map Holocene fire-vegetation relationships. FIREMAN Webpage - http://​www.fireman-europe.com Fire is a natural disturbance agency of many forest and grassland ecosystems that contributes to species dynamics and diversity, physical structure and ecosystem function. Many European heathland systems owe their origin and maintenance to burning, and fire is a key disturbance agency in both Mediterranean and boreal biomes that impacts the biodiversity of ecosystems, species and genetic structure. Fire-ecosystem relationships are altered by changing climate and earlier European fire regimes are now heavily modified by human activities to generate both biological and socioeconomic problems. Intense or inappropriate fire can wreak enormous damage and following recent extreme fire years in parts of Europe, there is an urgent need for a co-ordinated European policy on fire management. The main aim of FIREMAN is to generate policy guidance and management tools for the appropriate use of fire to foster biodiversity in three major European ecosystems. The project will use European pollen data to compare and map Holocene fire-vegetation relationships. FIREMAN Webpage - http://​www.fireman-europe.com
  
 +_____________________________________________________________________________________
 +===== LANG revisited =====
 +** Contact person for the Gerhard-Lang-book project is Brigitta Ammann brigitta.ammann@ips.unibe.ch **
 +
 +The textbook about vegetation history in Europe by Gerhard Lang was published in 1994 in German but is now out of print. ​ Many Quaternary scientists have appreciated the book for its concise text as well as its clear black-and-white figures and maps for selected pollen taxa.
 +A small team (B. Ammann, K.-E. Behre, W. Tinner, W.O. van der Knaap, D. Colombaroli) has now started to work on the up-dated version of the book in English, taking advantage of the European Pollen Database as one of the tools to collect and synthesize data on pollen and plant macrofossils. ​
 +Many important studies published after the late 1980s are still missing from the EPD, and it would be very helpful to have them available in the EPD for many research projects as well as for the new book.  In this book the maps will be a lot simpler than what the group “MADCAP” is planning, but still they should be as complete as possible.
 +We therefore strongly encourage all palynologists from Europe to submit all their relevant pollen data (and macrofossil data if available), to the EPD.  This will be of great benefit for every single scientist and for the scientific community because their results will be comparable and organized in a data-base; this is the best way of preserving valuable data (restricted or unrestricted*) that otherwise could get lost or forgotten. ​
 ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________
 ===== MADCAP Projects ===== ===== MADCAP Projects =====
 ** Coordinator:​ Simon Brewer ** ** Coordinator:​ Simon Brewer **
  
-Group projects: [[http://​www.europeanpollendatabase.net/​wiki/​doku.php?​id=group_projects]]+A description of the projects ​of the MADCAP group can be acceessed on the following webpage: [[http://​www.europeanpollendatabase.net/​wiki/​doku.php?​id=group_projects]]
  
 ____________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________
-===== REVEALS ===== +===== VR LANDCLIM ​6000-200, LUCCI, and MERGE =====
-**Reconstructions of Holocene land-cover in NW Europe and W Europe N of the Alps** +
-** Coordinator ​VR LANDCLIM ​: M.J. Gaillard (University of KalmarSweden) **\\  +
-** Coordinators ​LUCCI: Martin SykesAlmuth Arneth, Svante Björck ​and Daniel Conley (University of Lund, Sweden) **+
  
-The project ​VR LANDCLIM ​and the subproject within LUCCI (described below) are also linked to the NordForsk LANDCLIM network (coordinator: M.-J. Gaillard) ​+Leader **VR LANDCLIM** : M.J. Gaillard ​(University of Kalmar, Sweden)  
 +Leaders **LUCCI**: Martin Sykes, Almuth Arneth, Svante Björck and Daniel Conley (University of Lund, Sweden)  
 +Leader **MERGE**: Markku Rummukainen (university of Lund)
  
-Principal responsibles and investigators so far:\\ +Principal responsibles and investigators so far: 
 Anna Broström, Ralph Fyfe, Marie-José Gaillard, Thomas Giesecke, Erik Kjellström,​ Florence Mazier, Paul Miller, Anne-Brigitte Nielsen, Mats Rundgren, Benjamin Smith, Gustav Strandberg, Shinya Sugita, Anna-Kari Trondman ​ Anna Broström, Ralph Fyfe, Marie-José Gaillard, Thomas Giesecke, Erik Kjellström,​ Florence Mazier, Paul Miller, Anne-Brigitte Nielsen, Mats Rundgren, Benjamin Smith, Gustav Strandberg, Shinya Sugita, Anna-Kari Trondman ​
  
-EPD pollen records are used to reconstruct Holocene land cover (in % cover) of 35 taxa at the regional spatial scale for the purpose of two Swedish research projects, VR LANDCLIM and LUCCI.\\ ​ 
 The European Pollen Database (EPD) will be involved through its manager Michelle Leydet and its Support Groups, in particular MADCAP, Taxonomy and Nomenclature and Chronology. The European Pollen Database (EPD) will be involved through its manager Michelle Leydet and its Support Groups, in particular MADCAP, Taxonomy and Nomenclature and Chronology.
  
-PLEASE take contact with Prof. M.-J. Gaillard for any further information or to discuss collaboration within VR LANDCLIM or NordForsk ​LANDCLIM: ​marie-jose.gaillard-lemdahl@hik.se ​+The VR-LANDCLIM ​6000-200 project (LAND cover-CLIMate Interactions in NW Europe 6000 BP and 200 BPa novel model-data comparison approach) is financed by the Swedish Research Council VR (Vetenskapsrådet) and was launched in January 2009 for a period of three yearsIt is a collaboration between palaeoecologists/​ palynologists (application of the REVEALS model (Sugita, 2007 in the Holocene); quantitative reconstruction of regional vegetation from fossil pollen data), vegetation modellers (LPJ-GUESS dynamic vegetation model; Lund University, Ben Smith, Paul Miller), palaeoclimatologists (synthesis of palaeoclimatic data, Lund and Kalmar universities,​ Mats Rundgren and collaborators),​ and climate modellers (SMHI, Swedish Institute of Meteorology,​ Rossby Research Centre, Sweden; Regional climate model RCA3; Lars Bärring and collaborators) ​
  
-==== Description ​of the projects ====+The major objectives ​of VR LANDCLIM are as follows: we will reconstruct Holocene land-cover at a regional-continental spatial scale over NW Europe and western Europe north of the Alps (see study area below) using the REVEALS model (Sugita 2007, The Holocene) and pollen data from lakes and bogs. Pollen records from the EPD and other sources will be used to reconstruct Holocene land cover (in % cover) of 35 taxa at the regional spatial scale. All pollen records that we will use and are not currently in the EPD will be submitted to the EPD at the condition that the authors agree. These REVEALS reconstructions will be used in a data-model comparison scheme with the aim to evaluate and refine the vegetation and climate models. The REVEALS land-cover estimates will be compared to the outputs of the dynamic vegetation model LPJ GUESS in order to calibrate the LPJ GUESS model before it is used in regional climate modelling (RCA3 model). The REVEALS reconstructions will also be used separately in the climate modelling. The RCA3 model outputs, either using the vegetation predicted by LPJ-GUESS or the land cover predicted by REVEALS, will be compared with palaeoclimate data.
  
-=== VR LANDCLIM 6000-200 === +LUCCI: Holocene land-cover reconstructions are also needed for another ​project ​on « Quantitative reconstructions of past land-use and its role in the climate-carbon cycle system » coordinated by Martin Sykes, Almuth Arneth, Svante Björk ​and Daniel Conley (Lund University, Swedenand financed by the LUCCI project ​(http://​www.lucci.lu.se ​2009-2019). The latter project will work on the same time windows as VR-LANDCLIM and two additional ones (3000 BP and 600 BP). The independent data sets of past land cover and vegetation ​composition will be used to simulate carbon release with the dynamic ​vegetation ​model LPJ-GUESS ​in order to compare results with simulated carbon release based on potential ​vegetation ​and human induced vegetation inferred from REVEALS. For more information on this projectplease contact Florence Mazier ​(florencemazier@yahoo.fr or florence.mazier@geol.lu.se ​or Anna Broström ​(anna.brostrom@geol.lu.se)
-The VR-LANDCLIM ​project ​(LAND cover-CLIMate Interactions ​in NW Europe 6000 BP and 200 BP: LANDCLIM 6000-200 a novel model-data comparison approachis financed by the Swedish Research Council VR (Vetenskapsrådet) and was launched in January 2009 for a period of three yearsIt is a collaboration between palaeoecologistspalynologists (application of the REVEALS model (Sugita, 2007 in the Holocene); quantitative reconstruction ​of regional ​vegetation ​from fossil pollen data), ​vegetation ​modellers (LPJ-GUESS ​dynamic ​vegetation ​model; Lund University, Ben SmithPaul Miller), palaeoclimatologists ​(synthesis of palaeoclimatic data, Lund and Kalmar universities,​ Mats Rundgren and collaborators), and climate modellers ​(SMHI, Swedish Institute of Meteorology,​ Rossby Research Centre, Sweden; Regional climate model RCA3; Lars Bärring and collaborators+
  
-The major objectives of VR LANDCLIM are as follows: we will reconstruct Holocene land-cover at a regional-continental spatial scale over NW Europe and western Europe north of the Alps (see study area below) using the REVEALS model and pollen data from lakes and bogsThese REVEALS reconstructions will be used in data-model comparison ​scheme with the aim to evaluate and refine the vegetation and climate models. The REVEALS land-cover ​estimates will be compared ​to the outputs ​of the dynamic ​vegetation model LPJ GUESS in order to calibrate the LPJ GUESS model before it is used in regional ​climate ​modelling (RCA3 model). The REVEALS ​reconstructions will also be used separately ​in the climate ​modelling. The RCA3 model outputs, either using the vegetation predicted by LPJ-GUESS or the land cover predicted by REVEALS, will be compared with palaeoclimate data+MERGE (ModElling ​the Regional ​and Global Earth system) is a very large research programme that recently got support ​from the Swedish government. It is based at Lund University ​and coordinated by Markku RummukainenIt includes ​large number of workpackages of which “Focus 1.2.1. Land cover/land use feedbacks on climate” is led by M.-J. Gaillard. In that part of MERGE, ​model-data comparison ​protocols will be set up to evaluate and improve existing ​vegetation and climate-vegetation models, working initially with the LPJ-GUESS, RCA3, and RCA-GUESS suite of models. The palaeolandscape reconstruction method ​REVEALS ​will produce spatially-extensive ​land-cover ​maps on ~1?1 km resolution, appropriate for comparison ​to gridded output from the climate and vegetation models (F1.1.1). Holocene time windows centred on carefully selected phases ​of contrasting ​vegetation ​and human impact scenarios will be analysed through ​model experiments for land cover-climate ​feedbacks. The vegetation ​reconstructions will be used both for evaluation and to constrain land cover fields ​in climate model runs.
  
 + The project VR LANDCLIM and the subprojects within LUCCI and MERGE are also linked to the NordForsk LANDCLIM network (coordinator:​ M.-J. Gaillard) (see below)
  
-** Link between VR LANDCLIM and LUCCI subproject on the climate-carbon cycle ** +_______________________
-Holocene land-cover reconstructions are also needed for another project on « Quantitative reconstructions of past land-use and its role in the climate-carbon cycle system » coordinated by Martin Sykes, Almuth Arneth, Svante Björk and Daniel Conley (Lund University, Sweden) and financed by the LUCCI project (http://​www.lucci.lu.se/ ​ 2009-2019). The latter project will work on the same time windows as VR-LANDCLIM and two additional ones (see below). The independent data sets of past land cover and vegetation composition will be used to simulate carbon release with the dynamic vegetation model LPJ-GUESS in order to compare results with simulated carbon release based on potential vegetation and human induced vegetation inferred from REVEALS. For more information on this project, please contact Florence Mazier (florencemazier@yahoo.fr or florence.mazier@geol.lu.se ) or Anna Broström (anna.brostrom@geol.lu.se). ​+
  
-=== NordForsk LANDCLIM 10 000 === +NordForsk LANDCLIM 10 000  
-The NordForsk LANDCLIM 10 000 network is a constellation of 13 research groups from 6 Nordic countries and other European countries (France, Germany, Britain). The Nordic Research Council gives financial support 3 years (2009-2011) for the organization of workshops including travels and accommodation for the participants. The organization of the NordForsk LANDCLIM is open and welcomes new members, i.e. any scientist interested in the topic of the network. The network aims at encouraging collaboration between palaeoecologists,​ historians, archaeologists,​ vegetation ​modelers ​and climate ​modelers ​in order to study climate-vegetation feedbacks in the past, and to develop robust dynamic vegetation models and climate models for future predictions. All collaborators-contributors to the VR-LANDCLIM and to the subproject of LUCCI (see above) are also members of the NordForsk LANDCLIM network. See www.hik.se/​pages/​9922_1.htm+ 
 +Coordinator:​ M.-J. Gaillard (University of Kalmar) 
 + 
 +The NordForsk LANDCLIM 10 000 network is a constellation of 13 research groups from 6 Nordic countries and other European countries (France, Germany, Britain). The Nordic Research Council gives financial support 3 years (2009-2011) for the organization of workshops including travels and accommodation for the participants. The organization of the NordForsk LANDCLIM is open and welcomes new members, i.e. any scientist interested in the topic of the network. The network aims at encouraging collaboration between palaeoecologists,​ historians, archaeologists,​ vegetation ​modellers ​and climate ​modellers ​in order to study climate-vegetation feedbacks in the past, and to develop robust dynamic vegetation models and climate models for future predictions. All collaborators-contributors to the VR-LANDCLIM and to the subproject of LUCCI (see above) are also members of the NordForsk LANDCLIM network. ​ 
 +See www.hik.se/​pages/​9922_1.htm ​ 
 + 
 +PLEASE take contact with Prof. M.-J. Gaillard for any further information or to discuss collaboration within VR LANDCLIM or NordForsk LANDCLIM: marie-jose.gaillard-lemdahl@hik.se ​
ongoing_projects.txt · Last modified: 2015/06/23 17:22 (external edit)
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