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ongoing_projects [2009/09/26 21:30]
waltfinsi
ongoing_projects [2015/06/23 17:22]
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-====== Ongoing Projects using the European Pollen Database for research ====== 
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-===== MADCAP Projects ===== 
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-Link to Madcap projects 
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-===== DYNAmic Models in Terrestrial Ecosystems and Landscapes (DYNAMITE) =====  
-A Lund-Liverpool collaboration that will use and support the European Pollen Database. 
-Funding STINT (Sweden). 
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-**Leaders: Profs. Snowball (Lund) and Bradshaw (Liverpool)** 
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-The consequences of current climatic, land-use and physical landscape changes are of international research and teaching interest. Understanding these changes during the Quaternary period places the present situation in a valuable perspective and aids the refinement of models used to forecast future conditions. The overall objective of DYNAMITE is to understand Quaternary environmental change by combining physical landscape research with ecosystem dynamics to improve models. The objective will be achieved through collaboration between nationally-funded research projects, exchange of researchers,​ teachers and students and a group of flagship activities that includes a jointly produced book for researchers,​ teachers and students. Lund and Liverpool have complementary expertise and experience in model development and Quaternary data-model comparison. An exchange programme will open new research areas for both partners and develop international teaching programmes at all levels. Four flagship activities will present DYNAMITE to a wider community:- 1. Joint Lund-Liverpool authorship of a book titled “From the past to the future: understanding long-term vegetational change”. 2. Joint hosting of symposia at European Geophysical Union 2010, International Union for Quaternary Research 2011 and sessions at the Annual General Meeting of the British Society for Geomorphology 2011. 3. Joint hosting of an international data-model workshop using the European Pollen Database and POLLSCAPE model to reconstruct past vegetation patterns. 4. Field-based graduate courses comparing relatively unexploited (Sweden) and exploited (UK) upland environments through time. 
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-===== Fire management to maintain biodiversity and mitigate economic loss (FIREMAN) ===== 
-An ERA-net BIODIVERSA research project with 6 European partners. 
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-** Leader: Prof. Bradshaw ** 
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-Fire is a natural disturbance agency of many forest and grassland ecosystems that contributes to species dynamics and diversity, physical structure and ecosystem function. Many European heathland systems owe their origin and maintenance to burning, and fire is a key disturbance agency in both Mediterranean and boreal biomes that impacts the biodiversity of ecosystems, species and genetic structure. Fire-ecosystem relationships are altered by changing climate and earlier European fire regimes are now heavily modified by human activities to generate both biological and socioeconomic problems. Intense or inappropriate fire can wreak enormous damage and following recent extreme fire years in parts of Europe, there is an urgent need for a co-ordinated European policy on fire management. The main aim of FIREMAN is to generate policy guidance and management tools for the appropriate use of fire to foster biodiversity in three major European ecosystems. The project will use European pollen data to compare and map Holocene fire-vegetation relationships. FIREMAN Webpage - http://​www.fireman-europe.com 
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-===== Reconstructions of Holocene land-cover in NW Europe and W Europe N of the Alps (REVEALS) ===== 
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-** Coordinator VR LANDCLIM : M.J. Gaillard (University of Kalmar, Sweden) ** 
-** Coordinators LUCCI: Martin Sykes, Almuth Arneth, Svante Björck and Daniel Conley (University of Lund, Sweden) ** 
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-The project VR LANDCLIM and the subproject within LUCCI (described below) are also linked to the NordForsk LANDCLIM network (coordinator:​ M.-J. Gaillard) ​ 
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-Principal responsibles and investigators so far:  
-Anna Broström, Ralph Fyfe, Marie-José Gaillard, Thomas Giesecke, Erik Kjellström,​ Florence Mazier, Paul Miller, Anne-Brigitte Nielsen, Mats Rundgren, Benjamin Smith, Gustav Strandberg, Shinya Sugita, Anna-Kari Trondman ​ 
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-EPD pollen records are used to reconstruct Holocene land cover (in % cover) of 35 taxa at the regional spatial scale for the purpose of two Swedish research projects, VR LANDCLIM and LUCCI. 
-The European Pollen Database (EPD) will be involved through its manager Michelle Leydet and its Support Groups, in particular MADCAP, Taxonomy and Nomenclature and Chronology. 
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-PLEASE take contact with Prof. M.-J. Gaillard for any further information or to discuss collaboration within VR LANDCLIM or NordForsk LANDCLIM: marie-jose.gaillard-lemdahl@hik.se ​ 
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-==== Description of the projects ==== 
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-=== VR LANDCLIM 6000-200 === 
-The VR-LANDCLIM project (LAND cover-CLIMate Interactions in NW Europe 6000 BP and 200 BP: LANDCLIM 6000-200 a novel model-data comparison approach) is financed by the Swedish Research Council VR (Vetenskapsrådet) and was launched in January 2009 for a period of three years. It is a collaboration between palaeoecologists/​ palynologists (application of the REVEALS model (Sugita, 2007 in the Holocene); quantitative reconstruction of regional vegetation from fossil pollen data), vegetation modellers (LPJ-GUESS dynamic vegetation model; Lund University, Ben Smith, Paul Miller), palaeoclimatologists (synthesis of palaeoclimatic data, Lund and Kalmar universities,​ Mats Rundgren and collaborators),​ and climate modellers (SMHI, Swedish Institute of Meteorology,​ Rossby Research Centre, Sweden; Regional climate model RCA3; Lars Bärring and collaborators) ​ 
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-The major objectives of VR LANDCLIM are as follows: we will reconstruct Holocene land-cover at a regional-continental spatial scale over NW Europe and western Europe north of the Alps (see study area below) using the REVEALS model and pollen data from lakes and bogs. These REVEALS reconstructions will be used in a data-model comparison scheme with the aim to evaluate and refine the vegetation and climate models. The REVEALS land-cover estimates will be compared to the outputs of the dynamic vegetation model LPJ GUESS in order to calibrate the LPJ GUESS model before it is used in regional climate modelling (RCA3 model). The REVEALS reconstructions will also be used separately in the climate modelling. The RCA3 model outputs, either using the vegetation predicted by LPJ-GUESS or the land cover predicted by REVEALS, will be compared with palaeoclimate data.  
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-** Link between VR LANDCLIM and LUCCI subproject on the climate-carbon cycle ** 
-Holocene land-cover reconstructions are also needed for another project on « Quantitative reconstructions of past land-use and its role in the climate-carbon cycle system » coordinated by Martin Sykes, Almuth Arneth, Svante Björk and Daniel Conley (Lund University, Sweden) and financed by the LUCCI project (http://​www.lucci.lu.se/ ​ 2009-2019). The latter project will work on the same time windows as VR-LANDCLIM and two additional ones (see below). The independent data sets of past land cover and vegetation composition will be used to simulate carbon release with the dynamic vegetation model LPJ-GUESS in order to compare results with simulated carbon release based on potential vegetation and human induced vegetation inferred from REVEALS. For more information on this project, please contact Florence Mazier (florencemazier@yahoo.fr or florence.mazier@geol.lu.se ) or Anna Broström (anna.brostrom@geol.lu.se). ​ 
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-=== NordForsk LANDCLIM 10 000 === 
-The NordForsk LANDCLIM 10 000 network is a constellation of 13 research groups from 6 Nordic countries and other European countries (France, Germany, Britain). The Nordic Research Council gives financial support 3 years (2009-2011) for the organization of workshops including travels and accommodation for the participants. The organization of the NordForsk LANDCLIM is open and welcomes new members, i.e. any scientist interested in the topic of the network. The network aims at encouraging collaboration between palaeoecologists,​ historians, archaeologists,​ vegetation modelers and climate modelers in order to study climate-vegetation feedbacks in the past, and to develop robust dynamic vegetation models and climate models for future predictions. All collaborators-contributors to the VR-LANDCLIM and to the subproject of LUCCI (see above) are also members of the NordForsk LANDCLIM network. ​ 
-See www.hik.se/​pages/​9922_1.htm 
ongoing_projects.txt · Last modified: 2015/06/23 17:22 (external edit)
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